A Case of Isolated Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy in a HIV Patient Presenting With Acute Heart Failure

Bibi Ayesha, Rafeeq Ahmed, Umut Gomceli, Carlos Manrique, Marin Nicu, Sridhar Chilimuri

Abstract


The etiology of cardiomyopathy in a HIV patient is multifactorial. Identifying the etiology of cardiomyopathy in a HIV patient needs extensive evaluation. Common causes include ischemic cardiomyopathy, myocarditis due to viral infections and opportunistic infections, cocaine abuse, alcoholic heart disease, drug toxicity or due to nutritional deficiencies. However, in a number of cases the etiology is unknown. We report a case of 36-year-old African American man with history of HIV who presented with acute heart failure due to left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC). Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiogram showed significant left ventricular trabeculations and blood flow in deep recesses. Endomyocardial biopsy was suggestive of LVNC. He underwent left ventricular assist device implantation for destination therapy and subsequently cardiac transplantation. The diagnosis of LVNC is often made by echocardiogram. As LVNC could be a normal variant, a comprehensive diagnostic assessment including multimodality imaging, a systematic screening of first degree relatives, and a comprehensive clinical and genetic assessment by a multidisciplinary team may be needed to arrive at the diagnosis. Early diagnosis and timely intervention may reduce the risk of premature death in these young patients.




Cardiol Res. 2019;10(4):236-240
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr889

Keywords


Cardiomyopathy; HIV; Left ventricular non-compaction

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