Evaluation of the Tp-Te Interval, QTc and P-Wave Dispersion in Patients With Coronary Artery Ectasia

Ronan Conlon, Richard Tanner, Santhosh David, Gabor Szeplaki, Joseph Galvin, John Keaney, Edward Keelan, Usama Boles

Abstract


Background: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is defined as a diffuse dilatation of the diameter of the ectatic segment of the coronary artery, 1.5 times greater than that of the adjacent segment. The Tp-Te interval, P-wave and QTc dispersions are relatively new electrocardiographic markers associated with an increased risk of developing arrhythmias. Despite CAE increasing in prevalence in recent years, there is a sparsity of data available about its arrhythmogenic effect. The aim of the study was to evaluate QTc, P-wave dispersion and Tp-Te and Tp-Te/QT ratio in patients with CAE.

Methods: A retrospective comparative study was designed for consecutive age- and sex-matched patients. Twenty patients with isolated CAE (group 1) and 20 control subjects (group 2), with normal coronary arteries, were included. All patients presented with chest pain and coronary angiogram was indicated. Outcome measures included Tp-Te interval, Tp-Te/QT ratio, QTc dispersion and P-wave dispersion. Measurement of electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters was conducted using standardized digital online software. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed.

Results: Mean Tp-Te (95.5 ± 9.01 ms) and Tp-Te/QT ratio (0.22 ± 0.02) were significantly prolonged in CAE group (Tp-Te: 84 ± 5.62 ms, P = 0.00009; Tp-Te/QT ratio: 0.20 ± 0.01, P = 0.00004). In addition, QTc (31.2 ± 3.71 ms) and P-wave dispersion (31.9 ± 5.46 ms) were significantly increased in comparison to the control group (QTc: 27.6 ± 2.82 ms, P = 0.00532 and 20 ± 3.77 ms, P = 0.00003 respectively). However, there was no difference in ventricular activation time (VAT) between groups.

Conclusions: CAE ECGs were found to be associated with increased Tp-Te, Tp-Te/QT ratio, QTc intervals and P-wave dispersions. This may suggest that CAE existence has a pro-arrhythmogenic nature.




Cardiol Res. 2017;8(6):280-285
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr631w

 


Keywords


Coronary artery ectasia; Tp-Te interval; QTc dispersions; Arrhythmia; P-wave dispersions; Tp-Te/QT ratio

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