Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy-Induced Cardiac Free Wall Rupture: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Mina Iskander, Ashraf Abugroun, Kerolus Shehata, Fady Iskander, Ayman Iskander

Abstract


Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is an acquired form of cardiomyopathy that is commonly seen among post-menopausal women. It is characterized by left ventricular apical ballooning, electrocardiographic changes and mild elevation of cardiac enzymes in the absence of significant coronary artery stenosis. TCM usually has benign course. However, on rare instance, it can result in life-threatening and fatal complications including acute cardiogenic shock, ventricular arrhythmias and ventricular wall rupture. We herein report a case of a 77-year-old female who developed TCM complicated with massive pericardial effusion and cardiac arrest. The patient died and autopsy revealed normal coronaries with a slit-like rupture on the antero-apical surface of the heart extending into the papillary muscle. The clinical course, labs and angiographic findings preceding the cardiac rupture will be outlined. A thorough literature review including review of 14 previously reported case reports of TCM complicated with cardiac rupture will be included.




Cardiol Res. 2018;9(4):244-249
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr728w

Keywords


Takotsubo; Cardiomyopathy; Ventricular wall rupture

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