Mitroflow Aortic Bioprosthesis Failure in Type B Aortic Dissection: Preventive Left Main Stenting in Transapical Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Strategy

Giovanni Alfonso Chiariello, Emmanuel Villa, Antonio Messina, Stefano Marwan Mangini, Massimiliano Rozzi, Margherita Dalla Tomba, Ornella Leonzi, Giovanni Troise

Abstract


Mitroflow aortic prosthesis dysfunction in case of complex vascular disease is considered a challenging scenario. Because of the high risk for surgical reoperation and the presence of chronic aortic dissection originated from a calcified Kommerel diverticulum, we considered to perform a transapical valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedure. Myocardial ischemia is a dreadful complication reported in valve-in-valve TAVI procedures, mainly in patients with degenerated Mitroflow aortic bioprostheses. Because of the narrow shape of Valsalva sinuses and the short distance between Mitroflow annulus and left coronary ostium, to overcome the risk of possible Mitroflow leaflets displacement during TAVI expansion thus overlapping coronary ostia, we performed a preventive angioplasty. Then, we implanted a bare metal stent on the left main protruding in the aortic root. At 3 years follow-up the patient was in good clinical conditions.




Cardiol Res. 2018;9(2):133-135
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr666w


Keywords


Aortic valve; Aortic dissection; Valve-in-valve; TAVI; Coronary stenting

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