Assessing Correlation Between Thoracic Impedance and Remotely Monitored Pulmonary Artery Pressure in Chronic Systolic Heart Failure

Ankita Aggarwal, Zubair Khan, Christian Machado, Marcel Zughaib


Background: Heart failure (HF) readmission continues to be a major health problem. Monitoring pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and thoracic impedance (TI) are the two modalities utilized for early identification of decompensation in HF patients. We aimed to assess the correlation between these two modalities in patients who simultaneously had both the devices.

Methods: Patients with history of New York Heart Association class III systolic HF with a pre-implanted intracardiac defibrillator (ICD) capable of monitoring TI and pre-implanted CardioMEMs remote HF monitoring device were included. Hemodynamic data including TI and PAPs were measured at baseline and then weekly. Weekly percentage change was then calculated as: Weekly percentage change = (week 2 - week1)/week 1 100. Variability between the methods was expressed by Bland-Altman analysis. Significance was determined as a P-value < 0.05.

Results: Nine patients met the inclusion criteria. There was no significant correlation between the assessed weekly percentage changes in pulmonary artery diastolic pressure (PAdP) and TI measurements (r = -0.180, P = 0.065). Using Bland-Altman analytic methods, both methods had no significant difference in agreement (0.0110.094%, P = 0.215). With the linear regression model applied for Bland-Altman analysis, the two methods appeared to have proportional bias without agreement (unstandardized beta-coefficient of 1.91, t 22.9, P ? 0.001).

Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that variations exist between measurement of PAdP and TI; however, there is no significant correlation between weekly variations between them.

Cardiol Res. 2023;14(1):32-37


Pulmonary artery pressures; Thoracic impedance; Congestive heart failure

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Cardiology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2829 (print), 1923-2837 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
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