Minimal Invasive Technique in Atrial Septal Defect Surgery

Feridoun Sabzi, Reza Faraji, Mahmood Kazeminasab

Abstract


Background: Median sternotomy with minimal skin incision (MSWMSI) and modified anterior mini-thoracotomy (MAMT) approach that both are innovative techniques modified from previous documented techniques are important alternative to conventional median sternotomy in atrial septal defect (ASD) repair. Our aim is to explain the details of two performed techniques in our center and explain the results.

Methods: Totally 54 children with ASD (20 female and 34 male) were operated with two different techniques i.e. MAMT and MSWMSI in Imam Ali heart surgery center between May 2010 and May 2013. Intra and postoperative variables such as cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamp time, intensive care unit stay time, length of incision, postoperative hematoma and seroma, dehiscence mortality, exploration for postoperative bleeding, neurologic complication, infection and amount of blood transfusion were recorded.

Results: Mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 30 ± 11 min, and mean aortic cross-clamp time was 7 ± 2 min. The mean amount of blood transfusion was 150 ± 39 mL, and the mean chest tube drainage after surgery was 140 ± 57 mL. Superficial skin infection occurred in three patients. Subcutaneous hematoma and seroma were founded in six patients. In 50 cases the defect was secundum type, in two patients it was sinus venosus type, and in two with associated perimembranous ventricular septal defect repair.

Conclusion: Both approaches are safe and may be the surgical techniques of choice for secundum ASD repair in all age groups; and we can also utilize these techniques for more complicated kinds of surgery, for instance, sinus venosus type ASD with or without partial anomalous defect.




Cardiol Res. 2018;9(2):90-93
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr699w

 


Keywords


Minimally invasive surgical procedures; Sternotomy; Heart defects

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