Molecular Diagnosis of Bacterial Definite Infective Endocarditis by Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction

Reza Faraji, Mostafa Behjati-Ardakani, Nooshin Faraji, Seyed Mohammad Moshtaghioun, Seyed Mehdi Kalantar, Ali Pedarzadeh, Hengameh Zandi, Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi, Nastaran Ahmadi, Ali Dehghani Firoozabadi

Abstract


Infective endocarditis (IE) can be diagnosed using the Duke criteria, which cannot be conclusive especially when the results of blood cultures are negative. This study aimed at using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique to isolate bacteria present in whole blood samples of patients with definitive IE on the basis of the method designed in this study. This laboratory and test study was conducted on 20 whole blood samples taken from patients with definitive IE. Real-time PCR of the 16s rRNA was utilized to directly analyze whole blood samples to diagnose bacterial IE. Of 20 whole blood samples with definitive IE, only one blood culture (5%) was positive and the isolated bacterium belonged to Streptococci viridans group. Also, 13 whole blood samples were positive using real-time PCR technique. The isolated bacteria were Enterococcus faecalis with seven (35%) cases, Streptococcus gallolyticus with two (10%) cases, Streptococcus mutans with one (5%) case, Streptococcus sanguinis with one (5%) case, Streptococcus salivarius with one (5%) case, and Staphylococcus aureus with one (5%) case. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) using real-time PCR technique were 65%, 100%, 100%, and 74%, respectively. The developed real-time PCR method allows us to detect bacteria in whole blood samples and is much more sensitive than culturing method. It also permits the differentiation of the main group of bacteria within a few hours for IE.




Cardiol Res. 2018;9(2):99-106
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr687w


Keywords


Infective endocarditis; Whole blood; Real-time PCR

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