Mitral Annular Dynamics and Left Ventricular Diastole

Angel Lopez-Candales, Dagmar F. Hernandez-Suarez, Francisco Lopez Menendez

Abstract


Background: Though diastolic interrogation of the mitral annulus (MA) using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) has been quite useful in assessing left ventricular (LV) diastolic function, the relative contribution of the previous cycle MA systolic displacement or velocity components to subsequent LV diastole has not been previously investigated. We therefore sought to determine the association between MA systolic dynamics and LV diastolic function parameters.

Methods: For this retrospective study, only complete echocardiograms having good endocardial border resolution of both left atrial (LA) and LV chambers with M-mode (MAPSE) and tissue Doppler of the lateral MA (MA TDI S’) as well as complete Doppler data to perform assessment of LV diastole were included in our analysis.

Results: Data from 100 patients (mean age 54 ± 14) showed that both MA systolic displacement and velocity correlate with LV ejection fraction (P < 0.05). Only MA displacement was associated with age and LV mass. Most importantly no correlation was found between MAPSE and LV diastole. However, in sharp contrast MA TDI S’ correlated with MA relaxation velocities during both early and late LV diastole.

Conclusion: Even though MAPSE and MA TDI S’ are surrogate measures of LV ejection fraction, only MA TDI S’ correlates with diastolic MA velocities as no correlation was identified between MAPSE and measures of LV diastole. Additional studies are now warranted to explore whether a reduced MA TDI S’ may affect the symptomatic profile or the overall prognosis of patients with LV diastolic dysfunction.




Cardiol Res. 2017;8(5):228-231
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/cr602w

 


Keywords


Echocardiography; Mitral annulus; Diastolic dysfunction

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